Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz was the first Arabic-language writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Many Egyptian books and films are available throughout the Middle East.
Some notable texts include the Tale of Neferty, the Instructions of Amenemhat I, the Tale of Sinuhe, the Story of the Shipwrecked Sailor and the Story of the Eloquent Peasant.
Instructions became a popular literary genre of the New Kingdom, taking the form of advice on proper behavior.
There are over a million speakers of the Domari language (an Indo-Aryan language related to Romany), mostly living north of Cairo, and there are about 60,000 Greek speakers in Alexandria.
Approximately 77,000 speakers of Bedawi (a Beja language) live in the Eastern Desert.
The Story of Wenamun and the Instruction of Any are well-known examples from this period.
During the Greco-Roman period (332 BC − AD 639), Egyptian literature was translated into other languages, and Greco-Roman literature fused with native art into a new style of writing.
In 970, al-Azhar University was founded in Cairo, which to this day remains the most important centre of Sunni Islamic learning.
In the 12th century Egypt, the Jewish Talmudic scholar Maimonides produced his most important work.
Arabic came to Egypt in the 7th century, and Egyptian Arabic has become today the modern speech of the country.
Of the many varieties of Arabic, it is the most widely spoken second dialect, due to the influence of Egyptian cinema and media throughout the Arabic-speaking world.
The culture of Egypt has thousands of years of recorded history.